The Orion

Letter: Employees sense ‘fear’ on campus

Months+after+a+vote+of+no-confidence%2C+faculty+members+are+more+hopeful+for+the+future+of+administration.+Photo+credit%3A+Kiana+Alvarez
Months after a vote of no-confidence, faculty members are more hopeful for the future of administration. Photo credit: Kiana Alvarez

Months after a vote of no-confidence, faculty members are more hopeful for the future of administration. Photo credit: Kiana Alvarez

Months after a vote of no-confidence, faculty members are more hopeful for the future of administration. Photo credit: Kiana Alvarez

Gabriel Sandoval

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After the Academic Senate approved a no-confidence resolution last December, faculty leaders said in a letter to Chancellor Timothy White that mismanagement by Chico State administrators had gotten so bad that employees “feel a sense of instability and fear” on campus.

But in the four and a half months since the letter was written, faculty leaders said they are more optimistic about the future of Chico State.

The letter alleges three administrators failed as executives. It cites specific grievances and events on campus dating back to 2012, which aren’t thoroughly described in the resolution. Combined, the letter and resolution make several accusations. Among them:

  • “excessive” turnover of administrators has led to university instability
  • faculty and staff morale has declined, in part because of “intimidation and bullying”
  • shared governance practices have been “corrupted”

Chico State President Paul Zingg, one of the administrators accused of mismanagement, said the allegations are not true and not based on evidence.

“Although this resolution contains very broad, sweeping, and unsubstantiated and vague generalities, it is clear that the authors of the resolution have concerns that need to be respected and addressed,” Zingg said in a letter to the senate on Dec. 8.

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President Zingg said administration has addressed many of the concerns that the Academic Senate had toward Chico State leadership. Photo credit: Ryan Corrall


Zingg, 70, plans to retire in June. Gayle Hutchinson, former dean for the College of Behavioral and Social Sciences, will assume the presidency on July 1.

The other administrators identified in the letter are Susan Elrod, former interim provost and vice president for Academic Affairs, and Lori Hoffman, vice president for Business and Finance.

On March 30, Elrod left campus for a position at the University of Wisconsin, Whitewater. She was replaced by Mike Ward, a retired annuitant. Hoffman has been vice president since 2008.

Paula Selvester, a statewide senator and professor in the School of Education, signed the letter along with six other senators. She said she felt a sense of relief and began cheering when she discovered who the Board of Trustees selected for the presidency.

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Paula Selvester, said she was relieved when she learned of Gayle Hutchinson's appointment. Photo credit: John Domogma


In 2012, Hutchinson was a candidate for the role of permanent provost at Chico State. She was interviewed by the California Faculty Association and asked: What does shared governance look like to you?

“It’s central to the functions of this institution,” she told the CFA. “It’s a strong tradition and I will greatly embrace because it makes us who we are.”

Remarkable turnover

While Zingg says the turnover of Chico State administrators is normal, the authors of the letter disagree. The letter notes the departures of more than a dozen administrators, including two provosts who resigned unexpectedly.

“Coinciding with those two years, we experienced the systematic departure of every college dean,” the letter reads. “The average length of service among all new and interim deans at the time of our last permanent Provost’s resignation was about seven months.”

Zingg said in an email that turnover does occur, but that’s not unusual.

“In fact,” he said, “there has been more continuity and retention here in many areas than most campuses.”

The president then listed himself and three other Chico State administrators who have held lengthy positions, ranging from nine to 13 years.

He also said three of the deans who left did so for career advancement. One was Hutchinson. Other administrators may have left for health concerns, family issues, retirement or poor job performance, he said.

Selvester said despite a period of weaknesses in the administrative setting, the deans hired in recent years have been excellent. They have been “communicative, fastidious, transparent as possible (and) accessible as possible,” she said. “We lucked out in getting such a really talented, coherent and cohesive group of deans who keep the ball rolling.”

The senator said students haven’t felt the impact because the new deans created “an umbrella of stability in the face of this storm of instability.”

Documented morale

In spring 2014, the letter notes, academic senators expressed the concerns of their constituencies about low campus morale, which prompted them and the president to create a brief questionnaire, meant to gauge the sentiment.

The letter says 400 people responded to the questionnaire. When the results were distributed to the campus, they were “extremely negative.”

“Most egregious of all,” the letter reports, “staff at many levels repeatedly complained of the negative atmosphere of workplace intimidation and bullying.”

In November 2014, The Orion reported about a case of alleged workplace bullying. Cynthia Jensen, former manager of Maintenance Operations and Landscaping, filed multiple complaints and alleged she was “tortured, diminished and brutalized” by Hoffman.

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Cynthia Jensen filed multiple complaints of bullying in 2014. Photo credit: Madison Holmes

Hoffman denied she had “tortured, diminished and brutalized any member of the campus community,” according to the report.

A union steward and supervising electrician in Facilities Management and Services was quoted as saying he had filed more than two dozen grievances against administrators for his staff and himself.

Midway through the 2014-2015 academic year, the university conducted a comprehensive campus climate survey.

“The results again pointed to a lack of confidence in our senior management,” the letter reports.

Zingg said there has actually only been 11 or 12 formal bullying complaints to date, but none of them involve administrators. The claim contradicts both accounts from Jensen and the union steward.

“If you look at the record, it’s faculty versus faculty and faculty versus staff,” he said.

The president said Chico State implemented the first bullying policy in the entire CSU system in 2012. The Policy on Campus Behavior and Violence Prevention was praised by unions and the Board of Trustees, he said.

Timothy Sistrunk, secretary for the Academic Senate, said the current policy is generally about violence, not specifically about bullying. Sistrunk said he’s on a faculty, staff and student committee that’s writing a new bullying policy.

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Timothy Sitstrunk is working on a policy against bullying for Chico State. Photo credit: Ryan Corrall


Shared governance?

“There’s a big difference between shared governance and co-governance,” Zingg said.

Shared governance acknowledges the role of faculty in certain areas critical to the work of faculty, such as curriculum, hiring faculty and evaluating faculty.

The president said co-governance means equal responsibility, equal accountability.

“There’s only five officers of the university who are covered with accountability for the fiscal affairs of the university, for the legal affairs of the university and for the ability to make contracts,” he said. “That’s the president and the four vice presidents.”

He said that structure is defined by the California Education Code — state law.

“If a faculty member says, ‘Well, we should have equal responsibility with respect to the budget,’ that’s impossible … There are certainly folks who would like the role of the senate, in particular, to be more in co-governance mode,” he said.

Elizabeth Boyd, chair of the Academic Senate who also signed the letter, said she has hopes for shared governance in the future, despite witnessing a number of academic-related decisions made with little or no consultation of faculty in the past.

One of them was Zingg’s decision to appoint Elrod as permanent provost, she said.

On Aug. 21, 2015, Zingg announced the appointment of Elrod as permanent provost, according to a university press release.

By making that appointment, the letter says, the president violated his own executive memorandum. Zingg’s policy is supposed to ensure faculty members participate in the process of selecting provosts, vice presidents and vice provosts.

“I pulled back that appointment,” Zingg said. “That seems to be conveniently overlooked. So after I made the appointment, after I got all the feedback, I reversed that decision.”

Months later, faculty members expressed concerns over the Academic Affairs budget and a lack of transparency by the administration.

Zingg said in his Dec. 8 letter to the senate that Elrod had given a budget presentation almost a week earlier. It addressed many budgetary concerns, he said.

Then, on Dec. 10, the senate finally approved the vote of no-confidence in Zingg, Elrod and Hoffman. Academic Senate leaders voted 24 in favor and eight in opposition. One of two student representatives expressed concerns about favoring the vote, along with three university divisions and others.

Michael Pratt, the newly elected student president who represented the Student Senate that day, said the vote of no-confidence made him realize the campus community wasn’t doing so well. But, he added, “everyone is really hopeful now.”

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Michael Pratt is hopeful in future administration leadership. Photo credit: Aurora Evans

Rick Ford, vice chair of the Academic Senate, said every faculty and staff member he’s spoken to is optimistic about the new president.

“There are also very high expectations, some risk as you might imagine,” he said. “It’s difficult to meet high expectations sometimes, but I am pretty excited about next year.”

Zingg was also optimistic about the university’s future and his successor.

“For better or worse,” he said, “people say she is my protege.”

Gabriel Sandoval can be reached at [email protected] or @GLuisSandoval on Twitter.

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Letter: Employees sense ‘fear’ on campus